Was Crocodile stronger at Marineford? Or was he holding back in Alabasta?

 During the Alabasta arc, Crocodile displayed a level of power that was initially considered overwhelming by the Straw Hat Pirates. He possessed the Logia-type Devil Fruit called the Suna Suna no Mi (Sand-Sand Fruit), which granted him the ability to control and transform into sand. He had a reputation as a Shichibukai and controlled the desert kingdom of Alabasta from the shadows. His strength was showcased through his battles with Luffy and others. At Marineford, Crocodile was present as part of the war that took place at Marine Headquarters. While he did participate in the battle, he didn't display the same level of dominance as some other powerful characters present. This has led fans to speculate that he might not have been as strong as initially portrayed in Alabasta. It's important to note that power scaling and character abilities can be subject to interpretation and development by the author. Oda often keeps details deliberately open-ended to keep the story intriguing.

What was the role of Sparta's government in its society and how did it function?

 Sparta was an ancient Greek city-state known for its strict social and political system, which was centered around the city's military power and its system of government. Sparta's government played a central role in shaping the city-state's society and shaping its policies and actions.

The government of Sparta was a monarchy, with a king serving as the head of state. The king was advised by a council of elders, known as the gerousia, which was composed of 28 members over the age of 60. The gerousia had the power to advise the king and to pass laws, and it played a significant role in shaping Sparta's policies and decisions.

Sparta also had a system of democratic governance, with a popular assembly known as the apella. The apella was made up of all male citizens over the age of 30 and had the power to elect the members of the gerousia and to pass laws. However, the apella was not a powerful political body and was largely subservient to the gerousia and the kings.

Overall, the government of Sparta played a central role in shaping the city-state's society and policies. It was characterized by a combination of monarchy and democracy, with the kings and the gerousia holding significant power and the apella having a limited role in decision-making.