Was Crocodile stronger at Marineford? Or was he holding back in Alabasta?

 During the Alabasta arc, Crocodile displayed a level of power that was initially considered overwhelming by the Straw Hat Pirates. He possessed the Logia-type Devil Fruit called the Suna Suna no Mi (Sand-Sand Fruit), which granted him the ability to control and transform into sand. He had a reputation as a Shichibukai and controlled the desert kingdom of Alabasta from the shadows. His strength was showcased through his battles with Luffy and others. At Marineford, Crocodile was present as part of the war that took place at Marine Headquarters. While he did participate in the battle, he didn't display the same level of dominance as some other powerful characters present. This has led fans to speculate that he might not have been as strong as initially portrayed in Alabasta. It's important to note that power scaling and character abilities can be subject to interpretation and development by the author. Oda often keeps details deliberately open-ended to keep the story intriguing.

How did Philip II's conquest of Thrace shape Macedonian identity?

 Philip II was the king of Macedon, a kingdom in ancient Greece, from 359 to 336 BC. During his reign, he embarked on a campaign of military expansion that included the conquest of Thrace, a region located in the northeastern part of the Greek peninsula.

The conquest of Thrace by Philip II and his successors had a significant impact on Macedonian identity, as it expanded the territory and influence of the kingdom and brought new people and cultures under its control. The conquest of Thrace allowed the Macedonians to establish themselves as a dominant power in the region and to assert their cultural and political influence over the conquered territories.

The conquest of Thrace also had an impact on the cultural and social identity of the Macedonians. It brought new people and cultures into contact with the Macedonians and may have contributed to the diversification of Macedonian society. The Macedonians absorbed and assimilated many aspects of the cultures of the conquered peoples, and this may have influenced the development of Macedonian culture and identity.

Overall, the conquest of Thrace by Philip II and his successors played a significant role in shaping Macedonian identity by expanding the territory and influence of the kingdom and bringing new people and cultures into contact with the Macedonians.