Was Crocodile stronger at Marineford? Or was he holding back in Alabasta?

 During the Alabasta arc, Crocodile displayed a level of power that was initially considered overwhelming by the Straw Hat Pirates. He possessed the Logia-type Devil Fruit called the Suna Suna no Mi (Sand-Sand Fruit), which granted him the ability to control and transform into sand. He had a reputation as a Shichibukai and controlled the desert kingdom of Alabasta from the shadows. His strength was showcased through his battles with Luffy and others. At Marineford, Crocodile was present as part of the war that took place at Marine Headquarters. While he did participate in the battle, he didn't display the same level of dominance as some other powerful characters present. This has led fans to speculate that he might not have been as strong as initially portrayed in Alabasta. It's important to note that power scaling and character abilities can be subject to interpretation and development by the author. Oda often keeps details deliberately open-ended to keep the story intriguing.

How did the Industrial Revolution affect liberalism?

 The Industrial Revolution, which took place in Europe and North America in the 18th and 19th centuries, had a significant impact on liberalism, a political ideology that emphasizes individual freedom, limited government, and free markets. The Industrial Revolution led to significant changes in the way that societies were organized and the way that people lived and worked, and these changes had important implications for liberal thought.

One of the key ways in which the Industrial Revolution affected liberalism was by promoting economic growth and development. The rapid expansion of industry and the growth of cities led to an increase in wealth and prosperity, and this in turn contributed to the spread of liberal ideas. The Industrial Revolution also led to the rise of capitalism, a system in which private individuals and businesses own and operate the means of production and are motivated by profit. Liberalism has often been associated with capitalism, as both ideologies prioritize economic freedom and individual initiative.

Another way in which the Industrial Revolution affected liberalism was by promoting social and political change. The growth of industry and the rise of capitalist economies led to the emergence of a new class of entrepreneurs and business owners, and this in turn contributed to the development of democratic political systems. The Industrial Revolution also led to the rise of new forms of social organization, such as trade unions and political parties, which played a role in shaping liberal ideas and ideals.

Overall, the Industrial Revolution had a major impact on liberalism, both by promoting economic development and by fostering social and political change. It helped to spread liberal ideas and ideals and contributed to the emergence of modern liberal societies.